CSMS Vehicle Maintenance BASIC Violations

Section Violation Description Shown on Driver/Vehicle Examination Report Given to CMV Driver after Roadside Inspection Violation Group Description Violation Severity Weight11 Violation in the DSMS (Y/N)
385.103(c) Fail to display current CVSA decal – Provisional Authority Inspection Reports 4 N
392.2WC Wheel (Mud) Flaps missing or defective Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
392.7 No pre-trip inspection Inspection Reports 4 Y
392.7(a) Driver failing to conduct pre-trip inspection Inspection Reports 4 Y
392.7(b) Driver failing to conduct a pre-trip inspection of intermodal equipment Inspection Reports 4 Y
392.8 Failing to inspect/use emergency equipment Emergency Equipment 2 Y
392.9 Failing to secure load General Securement 1 Y
392.9(a) Failing to secure load General Securement 1 Y
392.9(a)(1) Failing to secure cargo General Securement 1 Y
392.9(a)(2) Failing to secure vehicle equipment General Securement 1 Y
392.9(a)(3) Driver’s view/movement is obstructed General Securement 1 Y
392.22(b) Failing/improper placement of warning devices Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
392.33 Operating CMV with lamps/reflectors obscured Lighting 6 Y
392.62(c)(1) Bus – baggage/freight restricts driver operation General Securement 1 Y
392.62(c)(2) Bus – Exit(s) obstructed by baggage/freight General Securement 1 Y
392.62(c)(3) Passengers not protected from falling baggage General Securement 1 Y
392.63 Pushing/towing a loaded bus Towing Loaded Bus 10 Y
393.9 Inoperative required lamps Clearance Identification Lamps/Other 2 Y
393.9H Inoperative headlamps Lighting 6 Y
393.9T Inoperative tail lamp Lighting 6 Y
393.9TS Inoperative turn signal Lighting 6 Y
393.9(a) Inoperative required lamps Clearance Identification Lamps/Other 2 Y
393.11 No/defective lighting devices/reflective devices/projected Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.11LR Lower retroreflective sheeting/reflex reflectors – Trailer manufactured on or after 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.11N No retroreflective sheeting/reflex reflectors – Trailer manufactured on or after 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.11RT Retroreflective sheeting not affixed as required – Trailer manufactured on or after 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.11S No side retroreflective sheeting/reflex reflectors – Trailer manufactured on or after 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.11TL No retro reflective sheeting or reflex reflectors on mud flaps – Truck Tractor manufactured on or after 7/1/1997 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.11TT No retroreflective sheeting/reflex reflectors – Truck Tractor manufactured on or after 7/1/1997 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.11TU No upper body corners retroreflective sheeting/reflex reflectors – Truck Tractor manufactured on or after 7/1/1997 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.11UR No upper reflex reflectors retroreflective sheeting/reflex reflectors – Trailer manufactured on or after 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.13(a) Retroreflective tape not affixed as required for Trailers manufactured after 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.13(b) No retroreflective sheeting or reflex reflective material as required for vehicles manufactured on or after 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.13(c)(1) No side retroreflective sheeting or reflex reflective material as required for vehicles manufactored manufactured before 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.13(c)(2) No lower rear retroreflective sheeting or reflex reflective material as required for vehicles manufactured before 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.13(c)(3) No upper rear retroreflective sheeting or reflex reflective material as required for vehicles manufactured before 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.13(d)(1) Improper side placement of retroreflective sheeting or reflex reflective material as required for vehicles manufactured on or after 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.13(d)(2) Improper lower rear placement of retroreflective sheeting or reflex reflective material requirements for vehicles manufactured before 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting font> 3 Y
393.13(d)(3) Upper rear retroreflective sheeting or reflex reflective material as required for vehicles manufactured on or after 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.17 No/defective lamp/reflector-tow-away operation Lighting 6 Y
393.17(a) No/defective lamps-towing unit-tow-away operation Lighting 6 Y
393.17(b) No/defective tow-away lamps on rear unit Lighting 6 Y
393.19 Inoperative/defective hazard warning lamp Lighting 6 Y
393.23 Required lamp not powered by vehicle electricity Clearance Identification Lamps/Other 2 Y
393.24(a) Noncompliance with headlamp requirements Lighting 6 Y
393.24(b) Noncompliant fog/driving lamps Lighting 6 Y
393.24BR Noncompliant fog or driving lamps Lighting 6 Y
393.24(c) Improper headlamp mounting Lighting 6 N
393.24(d) Improper head / auxiliary / fog lamp aiming Lighting 6 N
393.25(a) Improper lamp mounting Lighting 6 N
393.25(b) Lamps are not visible as required Lighting 6 Y
393.25(e) Lamp not steady burning Lighting 6 Y
393.25(f) Stop lamp violations Lighting 6 Y
393.26 Requirements for reflectors Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.28 Improper or no wiring protection as required Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
393.30 Improper battery installation Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
393.40 Inadequate brake system on a CMV Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.41 No or defective parking brake system on CMV Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.42 No brakes as required Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.42A-BM Brake – Missing required brake. Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.42A-BMAW Brake – All wheels not equipped with brakes as required. Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.42A-BM-TSA Brake – Missing on a trailer steering axle. Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.43 No/improper breakaway or emergency braking Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.43(a) No/improper tractor protection valve Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.43(d) No or defective automatic trailer brake Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.44 No/defective bus front brake line protection Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.45 Brake tubing and hose adequacy Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.45PC Brake Tubing and Hose Adequacy – Connections to Power Unit Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.45UV Brake Tubing and Hose Adequacy Under Vehicle Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.45(a)(4) Failing to secure brake hose/tubing against mechanical damage Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.45(b)(2) Failing to secure brake hose/tubing against mechanical damage Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.45B2PC Brake Hose or Tubing Chafing and/or Kinking – Connection to Power Unit Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.45B2UV Brake Hose or Tubing Chafing and/or Kinking Under Vehicle Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.45(b)(3) Failing to secure brake hose/tubing against high temperatures Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.45(d) Brake connections with leaks/constrictions Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.45DCPC Brake Connections with Constrictions – Connection to Power Unit Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.45DCUV Brake Connections with Constrictions Under Vehicle Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.45DLPC Brake Connections with Leaks – Connection to Power Unit Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.45DLUV Brake Connections with Leaks Under Vehicle Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.47 Inadequate/contaminated brake linings Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.47(a) Inadequate brakes for safe stopping Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.47(b) Mismatched brake chambers on same axle Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.47(c) Mismatched slack adjuster effective length Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.47(d) Insufficient brake linings Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.47(e) Clamp/Roto-Chamber type brake(s) out of adjustment Brakes Out of Adjustment 4 Y
393.47(f) Wedge type brake(s) out of adjustment Brakes Out of Adjustment 4 Y
393.47(g) Insufficient drum/rotor thickness Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.48(a) Inoperative/defective brakes Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.48A-BCM Brakes – Hydraulic Brake Caliper movement exceeds 1/8″ (0.125″) (3.175 mm) Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.48A-BMBC Brakes – Missing or Broken Components Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.48A-BRMMC Brakes – Rotor (disc) metal-to-metal contact Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.48A-BSRFS Brakes – Severe rusting of brake rotor (disc) Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.48(b)(1) Defective brake limiting device Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.50 Inadequate reservoir for air/vacuum brakes Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.50(a) Failing to have sufficient air/vacuum reserve Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.50(b) Failing to equip vehicle – prevent reservoir air/vacuum leak Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.50(c) No means to ensure operable check valve Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.50(d) No or defective air reservoir drain valve Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.51 No or defective brake warning device Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.52(a)(1) Insufficient braking force as percent of GVW or GCW Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.53(a) Automatic brake adjuster CMV manufactured on or after 10/20/1993 – hydraulic brake Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.53(b) Automatic brake adjuster CMV manufactured on or after 10/20/1994 – air brake Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.53(c) Brake adjustment indicator CMV manufactured on or after 10/20/1994 – external automatic adjustment Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.55(a) ABS – all CMVs manufactured on or after 3/1/1999 with hydraulic brakes Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.55(b) ABS – malfunction indicators for hydraulic brake system Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.55(c)(1) ABS – all tractors manufactured on or after 3/1/1997 air brake system Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.55(c)(2) ABABS – all other CMVs manufactured on or after 3/1/1998 air brake system Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.55(d)(1) ABS – malfunctioning circuit/signal – truck tractor manufactured on or after 3/1/1997, single-unit CMV manufactured on or after 3/1/1998 Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.55(d)(2) ABS – malfunctioning indicator to cab of towing CMV manufactured on or after 3/1/2001 Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.55(d)(3) No or Defective ABS Malfunction Indicator for towed vehicles on vehicles manufactured after February 2001 Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.55(e) ABS – malfunctioning lamps towed CMV manufactured on or after 3/1/1998, manufactured before 3/1/2009 Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.60EWS Windshield – Obstructed Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.60(b) Windshields required Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.60(c) Damaged or discolored windshield Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.60(d) Glazing permits less than 70 percent of light Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.61 Inadequate or missing truck side windows Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.61(a) Inadequate or missing truck side windows Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.61(b)(2) Emergency exit window handle broken Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.62(a) No or defective bus emergency exits – Bus manufactured on or after 9/1/1994 Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.62(b) No or defective bus emergency exits – Bus manufactured on or after 9/1/1973 but before 9/1/1994 Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.62(c) No or defective bus emergency exit windows – Bus manufactured before 9/1/1973 Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.62(d) No / defective Safety glass/push-out window – Bus manufactured before 9/1/1973 Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.62(e) No or inadequate bus emergency exit marking – Bus manufactured on or after 9/1/1973 Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.65 Fuel system requirements Fuel Systems 1 N
393.65(b) Improper location of fuel system Fuel Systems 1 Y
393.65(c) Improper securement of fuel tank Fuel Systems 1 Y
393.65(f) Improper fuel line protection Fuel Systems 1 Y
393.67 Fuel tank requirement violations Fuel Systems 1 N
393.67(c)(7) Fuel tank fill pipe cap missing Fuel Systems 1 Y
393.67(c)(8) Improper fuel tank safety vent Fuel Systems 1 N
393.68 Compressed natural gas (CNG) fuel container does not conform to regulations Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
393.70 Fifth wheel Coupling Devices 3 N
393.70(a) Defective coupling device — improper tracking Coupling Devices 3 N
393.70(b) Defective/improper fifth wheel assemblies Coupling Devices 3 Y
393.70B1II Defective / Improper fifth wheel assembly upper half Coupling Devices 3 Y
393.70(b)(2) Defective fifth wheel locking mechanism Coupling Devices 3 Y
393.70(c) Defective coupling devices for full trailer Coupling Devices 3 Y
393.70(d) No/improper safety chains/cables for full trailer Coupling Devices 3 Y
393.70(d)(8) Improper safety chain attachment Coupling Devices 3 Y
393.71 Improper coupling driveaway/tow-away operation Coupling Devices 3 Y
393.71(g) Prohibited towing connection / device Coupling Devices 3 Y
393.71(h) Towbar requirement violations Coupling Devices 3 Y
393.71(h)(10) No/improper safety chains/cables for towbar Coupling Devices 3 Y
393.75 Tires/tubes (general) Tires 8 Y
393.75(a) Flat tire or fabric exposed Tires 8 Y
393.75(a)(1) Tire — ply or belt material exposed Tires 8 Y
393.75(a)(2) Tire — tread and/or sidewall separation Tires 8 Y
393.75(a)(3) Tire — flat and/or audible air leak Tires 8 Y
393.75(a)(4) Tire — cut exposing ply and/or belt material Tires 8 Y
393.75(b) Tire — front tread depth less than 4/32 of inch Tires 8 Y
393.75(c) Tire — other tread depth less than 2/32 of inch Tires 8 Y
393.75(d) Tire — bus regrooved/recap on front wheel Tires 8 Y
393.75(e) Tire — regrooved on front wheel of truck/truck-tractor Tire vs. Load 3 Y
393.75(f) Tire — load weight rating/under inflated Tire vs. Load 3 Y
393.75(f)(1) Weight carried exceeds tire load limit Tire vs. Load 3 Y
393.75(f)(2) Tire underinflated Tire vs. Load 3 Y
393.75(h) Tire underinflated Tire vs. Load 3 Y
393.76 Sleeper berth requirement violations Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
393.77 Defective and/or prohibited heaters Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
393.77(b)(11) Bus heater fuel tank location Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
393.77(b)(5) Protection of operating controls from tampering Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
393.78 Windshield wipers inoperative/defective Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.79 Defroster / Defogger inoperative Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.80 Failing to equip vehicle with two rear vision mirrors Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
393.81 Horn inoperative Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
393.82 Speedometer inoperative / inadequate Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
393.83(a) Exhaust system location Exhaust Discharge 1 Y
393.83(b) Exhaust discharge fuel tank/filler tube Exhaust Discharge 1 Y
393.83(c) Improper exhaust – bus (gasoline) Exhaust Discharge 1 Y
393.83(d) Improper exhaust – bus (diesel) Exhaust Discharge 1 Y
393.83(e) Improper exhaust discharge (not rear of cab) Exhaust Discharge 1 Y
393.83(f) Improper exhaust system repair (patch/wrap) Exhaust Discharge 1 Y
393.83(g) Exhaust leak under truck cab and/or sleeper Exhaust Discharge 1 Y
393.83(h) Exhaust system not securely fastened Exhaust Discharge 1 Y
393.84 Inadequate floor condition Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.86 No or improper rearend protection Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.86(a)(1) Rear impact guards – all trailers/semitrailers manufactured on or after 1/26/98 Cab, Body, Frame 2 N
393.86(a)(2) Impact guard width – all trailers/semitrailers manufactured on or after 1/26/98 Cab, Body, Frame 2 N
393.86(a)(3) Impact guard height – all trailers/semitrailers manufactured on or after 1/26/98 Cab, Body, Frame 2 N
393.86(a)(4) Impact guard rear – all trailers/semitrailers manufactured on or after 1/26/98 Cab, Body, Frame 2 N
393.86(a)(5) Cross-sectional vertical height – all trailers/semitrailers manufactured on or after 1/26/98 Cab, Body, Frame 2 N
393.86(b)(1) Rear Impact Guards – motor vehicles manufactured after 12/31/52, see exceptions Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.87 Warning flag required on projecting load Warning Flags 1 Y
393.87(a) Warning flag required on projecting load Warning Flags 1 Y
393.87(b) Improper warning flag placement Warning Flags 1 Y
393.88 Improperly located television receiver Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.89 Bus driveshaft not properly protected Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.90 Bus – no or obscure standee line Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.91 Bus – improper aisle seats Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.93(a) Bus – not equipped with seatbelt Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.93(a)(3) Seats not secured in conformance with FMVSS Cab, Body, Frame 2 N
393.93(b) Truck not equipped with seatbelt Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.95(a) No/discharged/unsecured fire extinguisher Emergency Equipment 2 Y
393.95(a)(1)(i) No/discharged/unsecured fire extinguisher Emergency Equipment 2 Y
393.95(b) No spare fuses as required Emergency Equipment 2 Y
393.95(c) No spare fuses as required Emergency Equipment 2 Y
393.95(f) No / insufficient warning devices Emergency Equipment 2 Y
393.95(g) HM – restricted emergency warning device Emergency Equipment 2 Y
393.100 Failure to prevent cargo shifting General Securement 1 Y
393.100(a) Failure to prevent cargo shifting General Securement 1 Y
393.100(b) Leaking/spilling/blowing/falling cargo Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.100(c) Failure to prevent cargo shifting General Securement 1 Y
393.102(a) Improper securement system (tiedown assemblies) Tiedown 3 Y
393.102(a)(1) Insufficient means to prevent forward movement Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.102(a)(1)(i) Insufficient means to prevent forward movement Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.102(a)(1)(ii) Insufficient means to prevent rearward movement Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.102(a)(1)(iii) Insufficient means to prevent lateral movement Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.102(a)(2) Tiedown assembly with inadequate working load limit Tiedown 3 Y
393.102(a)(3) Insufficient means to prevent lateral movement Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.102(b) Insufficient means to prevent vertical movement Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.102(c) No equivalent means of securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.104(a) Inadequate/damaged securement device/system Securement Device 1 Y
393.104(b) Damaged securement system/tiedowns Securement Device 1 Y
393.104(c) Damaged vehicle structures/anchor points Securement Device 1 Y
393.104(d) Damaged dunnage/bars/blocking-bracing Securement Device 1 Y
393.104(f)(1) Knotted tiedown Tiedown 3 Y
393.104(f)(2) Use of tiedown with improper repair. Tiedown 3 Y
393.104(f)(3) Loose/unfastened tiedown. Tiedown 3 Y
393.104(f)(4) No edge protection for tiedowns Tiedown 3 Y
393.104F4R No edge protection for tiedowns Tiedown 3 Y
393.104(f)(5) No edge protection for tiedowns Tiedown 3 Y
393.106(a) No/improper front end structure/headerboard Securement Device 1 Y
393.106(b) Cargo not immobilized or secured Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.106(c)(1) No means to prevent cargo from rolling Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.106(c)(2) Cargo without direct contact/prevention from shifting Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.106(d) Insufficient aggregate working load limit Tiedown 3 Y
393.110 Failing to meet minimum tiedown requirements General Securement 1 Y
393.110(b) Insufficient tiedowns; without headerboard/blocking Tiedown 3 Y
393.110(c) Insufficient tiedowns; with headerboard/blocking Tiedown 3 Y
393.110(d) Large/odd-shaped cargo not adequately secured Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.112 Tiedown not adjustable by driver Securement Device 1 Y
393.114 No/improper front end structure General Securement 1 Y
393.114(b)(1) Insufficient height for front-end structure Securement Device 1 Y
393.114(b)(2) Insufficient width for front-end structure Securement Device 1 Y
393.114(d) Front-end structure with large opening(s) Securement Device 1 Y
393.116 No/improper securement of logs General Securement 1 Y
393.116(d)(1) Short, over 1/3 length past structure Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.116(d)(2) Short, insufficient/no tiedowns Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.116(d)(3) Short, tiedowns improperly positioned Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.116(d)(4) Short, no center stakes/high log not secured Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.116(e) Short, length; improper securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.118 No/improper lumber/building materials. securement General Securement 1 Y
393.118(b) Improper placement of bundles Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.118(d) Insufficient protection against lateral movement Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.118(d)(3) Insufficient/improper arrangement of tiedowns Tiedown 3 Y
393.120 No/improper securement of metal coils General Securement 1 Y
393.120(b)(1) Coil/vertical improper securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.120(b)(2) Coils, rows, eyes vertical – improper securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
39393.120(c)(1) Coil/eye crosswise improper securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.120(c)(2) X-pattern on coil(s) with eyes crosswise Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.120(d)(1) Coil with eye lengthwise-improper securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.120(d)(4) Coils, rows, eyes length – improper securement. Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.120(e) No protection against shifting/tipping Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.122 No/improper securement of paper rolls General Securement 1 Y
393.122(b) Rolls vertical – improper securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.122(c) Rolls vertical /split – improper securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.122(d) Rolls vertical /stacked – improper securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.122(e) Rolls crosswise – improper securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.122(f) Rolls crosswise/stacked load – improperly secured Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.122(g) Rolls length – improper securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.122(h) Rolls lengthwise/stacked – improper securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.122(i) Improper securement – rolls on flatbed/curtain-sided vehicle Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.124 No/improper securement of concrete pipe General Securement 1 Y
393.124(b) Insufficient working load limit – concrete pipes Tiedown 3 Y
393.124(c) Improper blocking of concrete pipe Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.124(d) Improper arrangement of concrete pipe Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.124(e) Improper securement, up to 45 in. diameter Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.124(f) Improper securement, greater than 45 inch diameter Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.126 Fail to ensure intermodal container secured General Securement 1 Y
393.126(b) Damaged/missing tiedown/securement device Securement Device 1 Y
393.126(c)(1) Lower corners of container not on vehicle/structure Securement Device 1 Y
393.126(c)(2) All corners of chassis not secured Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.126(c)(3) Front and rear of container not secured independently Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.126(d)(1) Empty container not properly positioned Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.126(d)(2) Empty container, more than 5 foot overhang Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.126(d)(4) Empty container – not properly secured Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.128 No/improper securement of vehicles General Securement 1 Y
393.128(b)(1) Vehicle not secured – front and rear Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.128(b)(2) Tiedown(s) not affixed to mounting points. Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.128(b)(3) Tiedown(s) not over/around wheels. Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.130 No/improper heavy vehicle/machinery securement General Securement 1 Y
393.130(b) Item not properly prepared for transport Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.130(c) Improper restraint/securement of item Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.132 No/improper securement of crushed vehicles General Securement 1 Y
393.132(b) Prohibited use of synthetic webbing. Securement Device 1 Y
393.132(c) Insufficient tiedowns per stack cars Tiedown 3 Y
393.132(c)(5) Insufficient means to retain loose parts Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.134 No/improper securement of roll/hook container General Securement 1 Y
393.134(b)(1) No blocking against forward movement Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.134(b)(2) Container not secured to front of vehicle Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.134(b)(3) Rear of container not properly secured Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.136 No/improper securement of large boulders General Securement 1 Y
393.136(b) Improper placement/positioning of boulder Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.136(c)(1) Boulder not secured with chain Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.136(d) Improper securement – cubic boulder Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.136(e) Improper securement – non-cubic boulder with stable base Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.136(f) Improper securement – non-cubic boulder with unstable base Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.201(a) Frame cracked / loose / sagging / broken Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.201(b) Bolts securing cab broken/loose/missing Cab, Body, Frame 2 N
393.201(c) Frame rail flange improperly bent/cut/notched Cab, Body, Frame 2 N
393.201(d) Frame accessories improperly attached Cab, Body, Frame 2 N
393.201(e) Prohibited holes drilled in frame rail flange Cab, Body, Frame 2 N
393.203 Cab/body parts requirements violations Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.203(a) Cab door missing/broken Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.203(b) Cab/body improperly secured to frame Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.203(c) Hood not securely fastened Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.203(d) Cab seats not securely mounted Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.203(e) Cab front bumper missing/ unsecured/protruding Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.205(a) Wheel/rim cracked or broken Wheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc. 2 Y
393.205(b) Stud/bolt holes elongated on wheels Wheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc. 2 Y
393.205(c) Wheel fasteners loose and/or missing Wheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc. 2 Y
393.207(a) Axle positioning parts defective/missing Suspension 7 Y
393.207(b) Adjustable axle locking pin missing/disengaged Suspension 7 Y
393.207(c) Leaf spring assembly defective/missing Suspension 7 Y
393.207(d) Coil spring cracked and/or broken Suspension 7 Y
393.207(e) Torsion bar cracked and/or broken Suspension 7 Y
393.207(f) Air suspension pressure loss Suspension 7 Y
393.207(g) No/defective air suspension exhaust control Suspension 7 N
393.209(a) Steering wheel not secured/broken Steering Mechanism 6 Y
393.209(b) Excessive steering wheel lash Steering Mechanism 6 Y
393.209(c) Loose steering column Steering Mechanism 6 Y
393.209(d) Steering system components worn/welded/missing Steering Mechanism 6 Y
393.209(e) Power steering violations Steering Mechanism 6 Y
396.1 Must have knowledge of and comply with regulations Inspection Reports 4 Y
396.3(a)(1) Inspection/repair and maintenance parts and accessories Wheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc. 2 Y
396.3A1B Brakes (general) Brakes, All Others 4 Y
396.3A1BA Brake out of adjustment Brakes Out of Adjustment 4 N
396.3A1BC Brake-air compressor violation Brakes, All Others 4 N
396.3A1BD Brake-defective brake drum Brakes, All Others 4 N
396.3A1BL Brake-reserve system pressure loss Brakes, All Others 4 N
396.3A1T Tires (general) Tires 8 Y
396.5 Excessive oil leaks Other Vehicle Defect 3 N
396.5(a) Failing to ensure that vehicle is properly lubricated Other Vehicle Defect 3 N
396.5A-HNLIW Hubs – No visible or measurable lubricant showing in the hub – inner wheel Wheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc. 2 N
396.5A-HNLOW Hubs – No visible or measurable lubricant showing in the hub – outer wheel Wheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc. 2 Y
396.5(b) Oil and/or grease leak Other Vehicle Defect 3 N
396.5B-HLIW Hubs – Oil and/or Grease Leaking from hub – inner wheel Wheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc. 2 N
396.5B-HLOW Hubs – oil and/or Grease Leaking from hub – outer wheel Wheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc. 2 Y
396.5B-HWSLIW Hubs – Wheel seal leaking – inner wheel Wheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc. 2 N
396.5B-HWSLOW Hubs – Wheel seal leaking – outer wheel Wheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc. 2 Y
396.7 Unsafe operations forbidden Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
396.9(c)(2) Operating an OOS vehicle Vehicle Jumping OOS 10 Y
396.9(d)(2) Failure to correct defects noted on inspection report Inspection Reports 4 N
396.11 No or inadequate driver vehicle inspection report Inspection Reports 4 Y
39396.13(c) No reviewing driver’s signature on Driver Vehicle Inspection Report (DVIR) Inspection Reports 4 Y
396.17(c) Operating a CMV without periodic inspection Inspection Reports 4 N
398.5 Parts/access – migrant workers Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
398.7 Inspect/maintain motor vehicle – migrant workers Inspection Reports 4 N
399.207 Vehicle access requirements violations Cab, Body, Frame 2 N
399.211 Inadequate maintenance of driver access Cab, Body, Frame 2 N

FMSCA Study

10 Violation severity weights reflect the relative importance of each violation within each BASIC. These weights cannot be compared or added meaningfully across the BASICs.

11 In cases where a violation results in an Out-of-Service Order as defined in 49 CFR 390.5, an additional weight of 2 is added to arrive at a total severity weight for the violation.

FMCSA sponsored study confirms web-based training is a viable solution for training, and can help you increase efficiencies and reduce your operating costs in this tough economy.

A whitepaper from Jim Dodd, CFO of Southern Refrigerated Transport confirms using Infinit-I Workforce Solutions reduces expenses and increases ROI.

Seeing is Believing

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