CSMS Vehicle Maintenance BASIC Violations

SectionViolation Description Shown on Driver/Vehicle Examination Report Given to CMV Driver after Roadside InspectionViolation Group DescriptionViolation Severity Weight11Violation in the DSMS (Y/N)
385.103(c)Fail to display current CVSA decal – Provisional AuthorityInspection Reports4N
392.2WCWheel (Mud) Flaps missing or defectiveWindshield/ Glass/ Markings1Y
392.7No pre-trip inspectionInspection Reports4Y
392.7(a)Driver failing to conduct pre-trip inspectionInspection Reports4Y
392.7(b)Driver failing to conduct a pre-trip inspection of intermodal equipmentInspection Reports4Y
392.8Failing to inspect/use emergency equipmentEmergency Equipment2Y
392.9Failing to secure loadGeneral Securement1Y
392.9(a)Failing to secure loadGeneral Securement1Y
392.9(a)(1)Failing to secure cargoGeneral Securement1Y
392.9(a)(2)Failing to secure vehicle equipmentGeneral Securement1Y
392.9(a)(3)Driver’s view/movement is obstructedGeneral Securement1Y
392.22(b)Failing/improper placement of warning devicesCab, Body, Frame2Y
392.33Operating CMV with lamps/reflectors obscuredLighting6Y
392.62(c)(1)Bus – baggage/freight restricts driver operationGeneral Securement1Y
392.62(c)(2)Bus – Exit(s) obstructed by baggage/freightGeneral Securement1Y
392.62(c)(3)Passengers not protected from falling baggageGeneral Securement1Y
392.63Pushing/towing a loaded busTowing Loaded Bus10Y
393.9Inoperative required lampsClearance Identification Lamps/Other2Y
393.9HInoperative headlampsLighting6Y
393.9TInoperative tail lampLighting6Y
393.9TSInoperative turn signalLighting6Y
393.9(a)Inoperative required lampsClearance Identification Lamps/Other2Y
393.11No/defective lighting devices/reflective devices/projectedReflective Sheeting3Y
393.11LRLower retroreflective sheeting/reflex reflectors – Trailer manufactured on or after 12/1/1993Reflective Sheeting3Y
393.11NNo retroreflective sheeting/reflex reflectors – Trailer manufactured on or after 12/1/1993Reflective Sheeting3Y
393.11RTRetroreflective sheeting not affixed as required – Trailer manufactured on or after 12/1/1993Reflective Sheeting3Y
393.11SNo side retroreflective sheeting/reflex reflectors – Trailer manufactured on or after 12/1/1993Reflective Sheeting3Y
393.11TLNo retro reflective sheeting or reflex reflectors on mud flaps – Truck Tractor manufactured on or after 7/1/1997Reflective Sheeting3Y
393.11TTNo retroreflective sheeting/reflex reflectors – Truck Tractor manufactured on or after 7/1/1997Reflective Sheeting3Y
393.11TUNo upper body corners retroreflective sheeting/reflex reflectors – Truck Tractor manufactured on or after 7/1/1997Reflective Sheeting3Y
393.11URNo upper reflex reflectors retroreflective sheeting/reflex reflectors – Trailer manufactured on or after 12/1/1993Reflective Sheeting3Y
393.13(a)Retroreflective tape not affixed as required for Trailers manufactured after 12/1/1993Reflective Sheeting3Y
393.13(b)No retroreflective sheeting or reflex reflective material as required for vehicles manufactured on or after 12/1/1993Reflective Sheeting3Y
393.13(c)(1)No side retroreflective sheeting or reflex reflective material as required for vehicles manufactored manufactured before 12/1/1993Reflective Sheeting3Y
393.13(c)(2)No lower rear retroreflective sheeting or reflex reflective material as required for vehicles manufactured before 12/1/1993Reflective Sheeting3Y
393.13(c)(3)No upper rear retroreflective sheeting or reflex reflective material as required for vehicles manufactured before 12/1/1993Reflective Sheeting3Y
393.13(d)(1)Improper side placement of retroreflective sheeting or reflex reflective material as required for vehicles manufactured on or after 12/1/1993Reflective Sheeting3Y
393.13(d)(2)Improper lower rear placement of retroreflective sheeting or reflex reflective material requirements for vehicles manufactured before 12/1/1993Reflective Sheeting font>3Y
393.13(d)(3)Upper rear retroreflective sheeting or reflex reflective material as required for vehicles manufactured on or after 12/1/1993Reflective Sheeting3Y
393.17No/defective lamp/reflector-tow-away operationLighting6Y
393.17(a)No/defective lamps-towing unit-tow-away operationLighting6Y
393.17(b)No/defective tow-away lamps on rear unitLighting6Y
393.19Inoperative/defective hazard warning lampLighting6Y
393.23Required lamp not powered by vehicle electricityClearance Identification Lamps/Other2Y
393.24(a)Noncompliance with headlamp requirementsLighting6Y
393.24(b)Noncompliant fog/driving lampsLighting6Y
393.24BRNoncompliant fog or driving lampsLighting6Y
393.24(c)Improper headlamp mountingLighting6N
393.24(d)Improper head / auxiliary / fog lamp aimingLighting6N
393.25(a)Improper lamp mountingLighting6N
393.25(b)Lamps are not visible as requiredLighting6Y
393.25(e)Lamp not steady burningLighting6Y
393.25(f)Stop lamp violationsLighting6Y
393.26Requirements for reflectorsReflective Sheeting3Y
393.28Improper or no wiring protection as requiredOther Vehicle Defect3Y
393.30Improper battery installationOther Vehicle Defect3Y
393.40Inadequate brake system on a CMVBrakes, All Others4Y
393.41No or defective parking brake system on CMVBrakes, All Others4Y
393.42No brakes as requiredBrakes, All Others4Y
393.42A-BMBrake – Missing required brake.Brakes, All Others4Y
393.42A-BMAWBrake – All wheels not equipped with brakes as required.Brakes, All Others4Y
393.42A-BM-TSABrake – Missing on a trailer steering axle.Brakes, All Others4Y
393.43No/improper breakaway or emergency brakingBrakes, All Others4Y
393.43(a)No/improper tractor protection valveBrakes, All Others4Y
393.43(d)No or defective automatic trailer brakeBrakes, All Others4Y
393.44No/defective bus front brake line protectionBrakes, All Others4Y
393.45Brake tubing and hose adequacyBrakes, All Others4N
393.45PCBrake Tubing and Hose Adequacy – Connections to Power UnitBrakes, All Others4N
393.45UVBrake Tubing and Hose Adequacy Under VehicleBrakes, All Others4N
393.45(a)(4)Failing to secure brake hose/tubing against mechanical damageBrakes, All Others4N
393.45(b)(2)Failing to secure brake hose/tubing against mechanical damageBrakes, All Others4Y
393.45B2PCBrake Hose or Tubing Chafing and/or Kinking – Connection to Power UnitBrakes, All Others4Y
393.45B2UVBrake Hose or Tubing Chafing and/or Kinking Under VehicleBrakes, All Others4N
393.45(b)(3)Failing to secure brake hose/tubing against high temperaturesBrakes, All Others4N
393.45(d)Brake connections with leaks/constrictionsBrakes, All Others4N
393.45DCPCBrake Connections with Constrictions – Connection to Power UnitBrakes, All Others4Y
393.45DCUVBrake Connections with Constrictions Under VehicleBrakes, All Others4N
393.45DLPCBrake Connections with Leaks – Connection to Power UnitBrakes, All Others4Y
393.45DLUVBrake Connections with Leaks Under VehicleBrakes, All Others4Y
393.47Inadequate/contaminated brake liningsBrakes, All Others4Y
393.47(a)Inadequate brakes for safe stoppingBrakes, All Others4Y
393.47(b)Mismatched brake chambers on same axleBrakes, All Others4Y
393.47(c)Mismatched slack adjuster effective lengthBrakes, All Others4Y
393.47(d)Insufficient brake liningsBrakes, All Others4Y
393.47(e)Clamp/Roto-Chamber type brake(s) out of adjustmentBrakes Out of Adjustment4Y
393.47(f)Wedge type brake(s) out of adjustmentBrakes Out of Adjustment4Y
393.47(g)Insufficient drum/rotor thicknessBrakes, All Others4Y
393.48(a)Inoperative/defective brakesBrakes, All Others4Y
393.48A-BCMBrakes – Hydraulic Brake Caliper movement exceeds 1/8″ (0.125″) (3.175 mm)Brakes, All Others4N
393.48A-BMBCBrakes – Missing or Broken ComponentsBrakes, All Others4N
393.48A-BRMMCBrakes – Rotor (disc) metal-to-metal contactBrakes, All Others4N
393.48A-BSRFSBrakes – Severe rusting of brake rotor (disc)Brakes, All Others4N
393.48(b)(1)Defective brake limiting deviceBrakes, All Others4Y
393.50Inadequate reservoir for air/vacuum brakesBrakes, All Others4N
393.50(a)Failing to have sufficient air/vacuum reserveBrakes, All Others4N
393.50(b)Failing to equip vehicle – prevent reservoir air/vacuum leakBrakes, All Others4N
393.50(c)No means to ensure operable check valveBrakes, All Others4N
393.50(d)No or defective air reservoir drain valveBrakes, All Others4Y
393.51No or defective brake warning deviceBrakes, All Others4Y
393.52(a)(1)Insufficient braking force as percent of GVW or GCWBrakes, All Others4Y
393.53(a)Automatic brake adjuster CMV manufactured on or after 10/20/1993 – hydraulic brakeBrakes, All Others4Y
393.53(b)Automatic brake adjuster CMV manufactured on or after 10/20/1994 – air brakeBrakes, All Others4Y
393.53(c)Brake adjustment indicator CMV manufactured on or after 10/20/1994 – external automatic adjustmentBrakes, All Others4Y
393.55(a)ABS – all CMVs manufactured on or after 3/1/1999 with hydraulic brakesBrakes, All Others4N
393.55(b)ABS – malfunction indicators for hydraulic brake systemBrakes, All Others4N
393.55(c)(1)ABS – all tractors manufactured on or after 3/1/1997 air brake systemBrakes, All Others4N
393.55(c)(2)ABABS – all other CMVs manufactured on or after 3/1/1998 air brake systemBrakes, All Others4N
393.55(d)(1)ABS – malfunctioning circuit/signal – truck tractor manufactured on or after 3/1/1997, single-unit CMV manufactured on or after 3/1/1998Brakes, All Others4N
393.55(d)(2)ABS – malfunctioning indicator to cab of towing CMV manufactured on or after 3/1/2001Brakes, All Others4N
393.55(d)(3)No or Defective ABS Malfunction Indicator for towed vehicles on vehicles manufactured after February 2001Brakes, All Others4N
393.55(e)ABS – malfunctioning lamps towed CMV manufactured on or after 3/1/1998, manufactured before 3/1/2009Brakes, All Others4Y
393.60EWSWindshield – ObstructedWindshield/ Glass/ Markings1Y
393.60(b)Windshields requiredWindshield/ Glass/ Markings1Y
393.60(c)Damaged or discolored windshieldWindshield/ Glass/ Markings1Y
393.60(d)Glazing permits less than 70 percent of lightWindshield/ Glass/ Markings1Y
393.61Inadequate or missing truck side windowsWindshield/ Glass/ Markings1Y
393.61(a)Inadequate or missing truck side windowsWindshield/ Glass/ Markings1Y
393.61(b)(2)Emergency exit window handle brokenWindshield/ Glass/ Markings1Y
393.62(a)No or defective bus emergency exits – Bus manufactured on or after 9/1/1994Windshield/ Glass/ Markings1Y
393.62(b)No or defective bus emergency exits – Bus manufactured on or after 9/1/1973 but before 9/1/1994Windshield/ Glass/ Markings1Y
393.62(c)No or defective bus emergency exit windows – Bus manufactured before 9/1/1973Windshield/ Glass/ Markings1Y
393.62(d)No / defective Safety glass/push-out window – Bus manufactured before 9/1/1973Windshield/ Glass/ Markings1Y
393.62(e)No or inadequate bus emergency exit marking – Bus manufactured on or after 9/1/1973Windshield/ Glass/ Markings1Y
393.65Fuel system requirementsFuel Systems1N
393.65(b)Improper location of fuel systemFuel Systems1Y
393.65(c)Improper securement of fuel tankFuel Systems1Y
393.65(f)Improper fuel line protectionFuel Systems1Y
393.67Fuel tank requirement violationsFuel Systems1N
393.67(c)(7)Fuel tank fill pipe cap missingFuel Systems1Y
393.67(c)(8)Improper fuel tank safety ventFuel Systems1N
393.68Compressed natural gas (CNG) fuel container does not conform to regulationsOther Vehicle Defect3Y
393.70Fifth wheelCoupling Devices3N
393.70(a)Defective coupling device — improper trackingCoupling Devices3N
393.70(b)Defective/improper fifth wheel assembliesCoupling Devices3Y
393.70B1IIDefective / Improper fifth wheel assembly upper halfCoupling Devices3Y
393.70(b)(2)Defective fifth wheel locking mechanismCoupling Devices3Y
393.70(c)Defective coupling devices for full trailerCoupling Devices3Y
393.70(d)No/improper safety chains/cables for full trailerCoupling Devices3Y
393.70(d)(8)Improper safety chain attachmentCoupling Devices3Y
393.71Improper coupling driveaway/tow-away operationCoupling Devices3Y
393.71(g)Prohibited towing connection / deviceCoupling Devices3Y
393.71(h)Towbar requirement violationsCoupling Devices3Y
393.71(h)(10)No/improper safety chains/cables for towbarCoupling Devices3Y
393.75Tires/tubes (general)Tires8Y
393.75(a)Flat tire or fabric exposedTires8Y
393.75(a)(1)Tire — ply or belt material exposedTires8Y
393.75(a)(2)Tire — tread and/or sidewall separationTires8Y
393.75(a)(3)Tire — flat and/or audible air leakTires8Y
393.75(a)(4)Tire — cut exposing ply and/or belt materialTires8Y
393.75(b)Tire — front tread depth less than 4/32 of inchTires8Y
393.75(c)Tire — other tread depth less than 2/32 of inchTires8Y
393.75(d)Tire — bus regrooved/recap on front wheelTires8Y
393.75(e)Tire — regrooved on front wheel of truck/truck-tractorTire vs. Load3Y
393.75(f)Tire — load weight rating/under inflatedTire vs. Load3Y
393.75(f)(1)Weight carried exceeds tire load limitTire vs. Load3Y
393.75(f)(2)Tire underinflatedTire vs. Load3Y
393.75(h)Tire underinflatedTire vs. Load3Y
393.76Sleeper berth requirement violationsOther Vehicle Defect3Y
393.77Defective and/or prohibited heatersOther Vehicle Defect3Y
393.77(b)(11)Bus heater fuel tank locationOther Vehicle Defect3Y
393.77(b)(5)Protection of operating controls from tamperingOther Vehicle Defect3Y
393.78Windshield wipers inoperative/defectiveWindshield/ Glass/ Markings1Y
393.79Defroster / Defogger inoperativeWindshield/ Glass/ Markings1Y
393.80Failing to equip vehicle with two rear vision mirrorsOther Vehicle Defect3Y
393.81Horn inoperativeOther Vehicle Defect3Y
393.82Speedometer inoperative / inadequateOther Vehicle Defect3Y
393.83(a)Exhaust system locationExhaust Discharge1Y
393.83(b)Exhaust discharge fuel tank/filler tubeExhaust Discharge1Y
393.83(c)Improper exhaust – bus (gasoline)Exhaust Discharge1Y
393.83(d)Improper exhaust – bus (diesel)Exhaust Discharge1Y
393.83(e)Improper exhaust discharge (not rear of cab)Exhaust Discharge1Y
393.83(f)Improper exhaust system repair (patch/wrap)Exhaust Discharge1Y
393.83(g)Exhaust leak under truck cab and/or sleeperExhaust Discharge1Y
393.83(h)Exhaust system not securely fastenedExhaust Discharge1Y
393.84Inadequate floor conditionCab, Body, Frame2Y
393.86No or improper rearend protectionCab, Body, Frame2Y
393.86(a)(1)Rear impact guards – all trailers/semitrailers manufactured on or after 1/26/98Cab, Body, Frame2N
393.86(a)(2)Impact guard width – all trailers/semitrailers manufactured on or after 1/26/98Cab, Body, Frame2N
393.86(a)(3)Impact guard height – all trailers/semitrailers manufactured on or after 1/26/98Cab, Body, Frame2N
393.86(a)(4)Impact guard rear – all trailers/semitrailers manufactured on or after 1/26/98Cab, Body, Frame2N
393.86(a)(5)Cross-sectional vertical height – all trailers/semitrailers manufactured on or after 1/26/98Cab, Body, Frame2N
393.86(b)(1)Rear Impact Guards – motor vehicles manufactured after 12/31/52, see exceptionsCab, Body, Frame2Y
393.87Warning flag required on projecting loadWarning Flags1Y
393.87(a)Warning flag required on projecting loadWarning Flags1Y
393.87(b)Improper warning flag placementWarning Flags1Y
393.88Improperly located television receiverCab, Body, Frame2Y
393.89Bus driveshaft not properly protectedCab, Body, Frame2Y
393.90Bus – no or obscure standee lineCab, Body, Frame2Y
393.91Bus – improper aisle seatsCab, Body, Frame2Y
393.93(a)Bus – not equipped with seatbeltCab, Body, Frame2Y
393.93(a)(3)Seats not secured in conformance with FMVSSCab, Body, Frame2N
393.93(b)Truck not equipped with seatbeltCab, Body, Frame2Y
393.95(a)No/discharged/unsecured fire extinguisherEmergency Equipment2Y
393.95(a)(1)(i)No/discharged/unsecured fire extinguisherEmergency Equipment2Y
393.95(b)No spare fuses as requiredEmergency Equipment2Y
393.95(c)No spare fuses as requiredEmergency Equipment2Y
393.95(f)No / insufficient warning devicesEmergency Equipment2Y
393.95(g)HM – restricted emergency warning deviceEmergency Equipment2Y
393.100Failure to prevent cargo shiftingGeneral Securement1Y
393.100(a)Failure to prevent cargo shiftingGeneral Securement1Y
393.100(b)Leaking/spilling/blowing/falling cargoImproper Load Securement7Y
393.100(c)Failure to prevent cargo shiftingGeneral Securement1Y
393.102(a)Improper securement system (tiedown assemblies)Tiedown3Y
393.102(a)(1)Insufficient means to prevent forward movementFailure to Prevent Movement3Y
393.102(a)(1)(i)Insufficient means to prevent forward movementFailure to Prevent Movement3Y
393.102(a)(1)(ii)Insufficient means to prevent rearward movementFailure to Prevent Movement3Y
393.102(a)(1)(iii)Insufficient means to prevent lateral movementFailure to Prevent Movement3Y
393.102(a)(2)Tiedown assembly with inadequate working load limitTiedown3Y
393.102(a)(3)Insufficient means to prevent lateral movementFailure to Prevent Movement3Y
393.102(b)Insufficient means to prevent vertical movementFailure to Prevent Movement3Y
393.102(c)No equivalent means of securementImproper Load Securement7Y
393.104(a)Inadequate/damaged securement device/systemSecurement Device1Y
393.104(b)Damaged securement system/tiedownsSecurement Device1Y
393.104(c)Damaged vehicle structures/anchor pointsSecurement Device1Y
393.104(d)Damaged dunnage/bars/blocking-bracingSecurement Device1Y
393.104(f)(1)Knotted tiedownTiedown3Y
393.104(f)(2)Use of tiedown with improper repair.Tiedown3Y
393.104(f)(3)Loose/unfastened tiedown.Tiedown3Y
393.104(f)(4)No edge protection for tiedownsTiedown3Y
393.104F4RNo edge protection for tiedownsTiedown3Y
393.104(f)(5)No edge protection for tiedownsTiedown3Y
393.106(a)No/improper front end structure/headerboardSecurement Device1Y
393.106(b)Cargo not immobilized or securedFailure to Prevent Movement3Y
393.106(c)(1)No means to prevent cargo from rollingFailure to Prevent Movement3Y
393.106(c)(2)Cargo without direct contact/prevention from shiftingFailure to Prevent Movement3Y
393.106(d)Insufficient aggregate working load limitTiedown3Y
393.110Failing to meet minimum tiedown requirementsGeneral Securement1Y
393.110(b)Insufficient tiedowns; without headerboard/blockingTiedown3Y
393.110(c)Insufficient tiedowns; with headerboard/blockingTiedown3Y
393.110(d)Large/odd-shaped cargo not adequately securedFailure to Prevent Movement3Y
393.112Tiedown not adjustable by driverSecurement Device1Y
393.114No/improper front end structureGeneral Securement1Y
393.114(b)(1)Insufficient height for front-end structureSecurement Device1Y
393.114(b)(2)Insufficient width for front-end structureSecurement Device1Y
393.114(d)Front-end structure with large opening(s)Securement Device1Y
393.116No/improper securement of logsGeneral Securement1Y
393.116(d)(1)Short, over 1/3 length past structureImproper Load Securement7Y
393.116(d)(2)Short, insufficient/no tiedownsImproper Load Securement7Y
393.116(d)(3)Short, tiedowns improperly positionedImproper Load Securement7Y
393.116(d)(4)Short, no center stakes/high log not securedImproper Load Securement7Y
393.116(e)Short, length; improper securementImproper Load Securement7Y
393.118No/improper lumber/building materials. securementGeneral Securement1Y
393.118(b)Improper placement of bundlesImproper Load Securement7Y
393.118(d)Insufficient protection against lateral movementFailure to Prevent Movement3Y
393.118(d)(3)Insufficient/improper arrangement of tiedownsTiedown3Y
393.120No/improper securement of metal coilsGeneral Securement1Y
393.120(b)(1)Coil/vertical improper securementImproper Load Securement7Y
393.120(b)(2)Coils, rows, eyes vertical – improper securementImproper Load Securement7Y
39393.120(c)(1)Coil/eye crosswise improper securementImproper Load Securement7Y
393.120(c)(2)X-pattern on coil(s) with eyes crosswiseImproper Load Securement7Y
393.120(d)(1)Coil with eye lengthwise-improper securementImproper Load Securement7Y
393.120(d)(4)Coils, rows, eyes length – improper securement.Improper Load Securement7Y
393.120(e)No protection against shifting/tippingFailure to Prevent Movement3Y
393.122No/improper securement of paper rollsGeneral Securement1Y
393.122(b)Rolls vertical – improper securementImproper Load Securement7Y
393.122(c)Rolls vertical /split – improper securementImproper Load Securement7Y
393.122(d)Rolls vertical /stacked – improper securementImproper Load Securement7Y
393.122(e)Rolls crosswise – improper securementImproper Load Securement7Y
393.122(f)Rolls crosswise/stacked load – improperly securedImproper Load Securement7Y
393.122(g)Rolls length – improper securementImproper Load Securement7Y
393.122(h)Rolls lengthwise/stacked – improper securementImproper Load Securement7Y
393.122(i)Improper securement – rolls on flatbed/curtain-sided vehicleImproper Load Securement7Y
393.124No/improper securement of concrete pipeGeneral Securement1Y
393.124(b)Insufficient working load limit – concrete pipesTiedown3Y
393.124(c)Improper blocking of concrete pipeImproper Load Securement7Y
393.124(d)Improper arrangement of concrete pipeImproper Load Securement7Y
393.124(e)Improper securement, up to 45 in. diameterImproper Load Securement7Y
393.124(f)Improper securement, greater than 45 inch diameterImproper Load Securement7Y
393.126Fail to ensure intermodal container securedGeneral Securement1Y
393.126(b)Damaged/missing tiedown/securement deviceSecurement Device1Y
393.126(c)(1)Lower corners of container not on vehicle/structureSecurement Device1Y
393.126(c)(2)All corners of chassis not securedImproper Load Securement7Y
393.126(c)(3)Front and rear of container not secured independentlyImproper Load Securement7Y
393.126(d)(1)Empty container not properly positionedImproper Load Securement7Y
393.126(d)(2)Empty container, more than 5 foot overhangImproper Load Securement7Y
393.126(d)(4)Empty container – not properly securedImproper Load Securement7Y
393.128No/improper securement of vehiclesGeneral Securement1Y
393.128(b)(1)Vehicle not secured – front and rearImproper Load Securement7Y
393.128(b)(2)Tiedown(s) not affixed to mounting points.Improper Load Securement7Y
393.128(b)(3)Tiedown(s) not over/around wheels.Improper Load Securement7Y
393.130No/improper heavy vehicle/machinery securementGeneral Securement1Y
393.130(b)Item not properly prepared for transportImproper Load Securement7Y
393.130(c)Improper restraint/securement of itemImproper Load Securement7Y
393.132No/improper securement of crushed vehiclesGeneral Securement1Y
393.132(b)Prohibited use of synthetic webbing.Securement Device1Y
393.132(c)Insufficient tiedowns per stack carsTiedown3Y
393.132(c)(5)Insufficient means to retain loose partsImproper Load Securement7Y
393.134No/improper securement of roll/hook containerGeneral Securement1Y
393.134(b)(1)No blocking against forward movementFailure to Prevent Movement3Y
393.134(b)(2)Container not secured to front of vehicleImproper Load Securement7Y
393.134(b)(3)Rear of container not properly securedImproper Load Securement7Y
393.136No/improper securement of large bouldersGeneral Securement1Y
393.136(b)Improper placement/positioning of boulderImproper Load Securement7Y
393.136(c)(1)Boulder not secured with chainImproper Load Securement7Y
393.136(d)Improper securement – cubic boulderImproper Load Securement7Y
393.136(e)Improper securement – non-cubic boulder with stable baseImproper Load Securement7Y
393.136(f)Improper securement – non-cubic boulder with unstable baseImproper Load Securement7Y
393.201(a)Frame cracked / loose / sagging / brokenCab, Body, Frame2Y
393.201(b)Bolts securing cab broken/loose/missingCab, Body, Frame2N
393.201(c)Frame rail flange improperly bent/cut/notchedCab, Body, Frame2N
393.201(d)Frame accessories improperly attachedCab, Body, Frame2N
393.201(e)Prohibited holes drilled in frame rail flangeCab, Body, Frame2N
393.203Cab/body parts requirements violationsCab, Body, Frame2Y
393.203(a)Cab door missing/brokenCab, Body, Frame2Y
393.203(b)Cab/body improperly secured to frameCab, Body, Frame2Y
393.203(c)Hood not securely fastenedCab, Body, Frame2Y
393.203(d)Cab seats not securely mountedCab, Body, Frame2Y
393.203(e)Cab front bumper missing/ unsecured/protrudingCab, Body, Frame2Y
393.205(a)Wheel/rim cracked or brokenWheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc.2Y
393.205(b)Stud/bolt holes elongated on wheelsWheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc.2Y
393.205(c)Wheel fasteners loose and/or missingWheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc.2Y
393.207(a)Axle positioning parts defective/missingSuspension7Y
393.207(b)Adjustable axle locking pin missing/disengagedSuspension7Y
393.207(c)Leaf spring assembly defective/missingSuspension7Y
393.207(d)Coil spring cracked and/or brokenSuspension7Y
393.207(e)Torsion bar cracked and/or brokenSuspension7Y
393.207(f)Air suspension pressure lossSuspension7Y
393.207(g)No/defective air suspension exhaust controlSuspension7N
393.209(a)Steering wheel not secured/brokenSteering Mechanism6Y
393.209(b)Excessive steering wheel lashSteering Mechanism6Y
393.209(c)Loose steering columnSteering Mechanism6Y
393.209(d)Steering system components worn/welded/missingSteering Mechanism6Y
393.209(e)Power steering violationsSteering Mechanism6Y
396.1Must have knowledge of and comply with regulationsInspection Reports4Y
396.3(a)(1)Inspection/repair and maintenance parts and accessoriesWheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc.2Y
396.3A1BBrakes (general)Brakes, All Others4Y
396.3A1BABrake out of adjustmentBrakes Out of Adjustment4N
396.3A1BCBrake-air compressor violationBrakes, All Others4N
396.3A1BDBrake-defective brake drumBrakes, All Others4N
396.3A1BLBrake-reserve system pressure lossBrakes, All Others4N
396.3A1TTires (general)Tires8Y
396.5Excessive oil leaksOther Vehicle Defect3N
396.5(a)Failing to ensure that vehicle is properly lubricatedOther Vehicle Defect3N
396.5A-HNLIWHubs – No visible or measurable lubricant showing in the hub – inner wheelWheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc.2N
396.5A-HNLOWHubs – No visible or measurable lubricant showing in the hub – outer wheelWheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc.2Y
396.5(b)Oil and/or grease leakOther Vehicle Defect3N
396.5B-HLIWHubs – Oil and/or Grease Leaking from hub – inner wheelWheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc.2N
396.5B-HLOWHubs – oil and/or Grease Leaking from hub – outer wheelWheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc.2Y
396.5B-HWSLIWHubs – Wheel seal leaking – inner wheelWheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc.2N
396.5B-HWSLOWHubs – Wheel seal leaking – outer wheelWheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc.2Y
396.7Unsafe operations forbiddenOther Vehicle Defect3Y
396.9(c)(2)Operating an OOS vehicleVehicle Jumping OOS10Y
396.9(d)(2)Failure to correct defects noted on inspection reportInspection Reports4N
396.11No or inadequate driver vehicle inspection reportInspection Reports4Y
39396.13(c)No reviewing driver’s signature on Driver Vehicle Inspection Report (DVIR)Inspection Reports4Y
396.17(c)Operating a CMV without periodic inspectionInspection Reports4N
398.5Parts/access – migrant workersOther Vehicle Defect3Y
398.7Inspect/maintain motor vehicle – migrant workersInspection Reports4N
399.207Vehicle access requirements violationsCab, Body, Frame2N
399.211Inadequate maintenance of driver accessCab, Body, Frame2N

FMSCA Study

10 Violation severity weights reflect the relative importance of each violation within each BASIC. These weights cannot be compared or added meaningfully across the BASICs.

11 In cases where a violation results in an Out-of-Service Order as defined in 49 CFR 390.5, an additional weight of 2 is added to arrive at a total severity weight for the violation.

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